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Workplace wellness, or corporate wellness, isn’t a new concept.
For decades, companies have offered food and wellness assessments as part of health insurance plans. Informal health challenges like counting monthly steps have been common as well, as are activities such as wellness challenges.
Such programming tended to be about:
- Minimizing health insurance costs
- Mitigating chronic disease
- Strengthening worker loyalty
Recently, companies that want to compete for in-demand skills have been stepping up their employee wellness game.
We are seeing more research on the damaging pressures of modern life. So, companies are also realizing the need to broaden their approach to wellness to keep their current employees:
- More productive
- More agile in the face of uncertainty
Wellness plan examples
We’ll look at large initiatives like employee healthcare spending and exercise classes. We’ll also discuss small changes like water bottles and walking meetings.
Why workplace wellness?
In no small part, companies are offering wellness perks as a way to remain competitive for top employees. This gives them an edge over those offering just financial incentives.
If your rival companies have onsite vaccination clinics and mason jars of granola in the break room, you may feel compelled to top them. But workplace wellness is more than just about fancy yoga rooms and gym reimbursements. It’s also about employees feeling valued, appreciated, and accepted at a company. They also need to feel psychologically safe.
Companies aim to create a culture of care and of respect for the whole person. Workplace wellness offerings are one step in that direction.
The relationship between stress and productivity
You’ve likely all experienced it — that “zone” where you have just the right amount of stress/motivation to keep you active and engaged on a project. You’re not bored, and you’re not anxious. Sometimes stress can be helpful.
Researchers have created a performance curve.
This curve shows how your best work is likely to come when you are being pushed just outside of your comfort zone. However, it sits before you begin feeling too much strain from your responsibilities.
This concept of a performance curve shows that the relationship between stress and productivity is complex. We’re not as effective with no stress, but we risk burnout with too much. Keeping this balance in check is exactly where wellness programming can step in.
Do employee wellness programs work?
The jury on the effectiveness of workplace wellness programs is still out.
The research on program effectiveness is relatively new, and studies are utilizing only short-term data thus far.
However, participants in wellness programs report increased physical activity and active weight management.
In short, you likely need to invest in workplace wellness for the long term if you expect to make a measurable difference in the lives of your employees.
Examples of employee health and wellness programs
Tech companies are famous for offering the likes of:
- Free meals
- Bicycles to ride from building to building
- Relaxation rooms
- Onsite fitness opportunities
The idea is that, by committing to the health and wellness of their employees, they can attract, grow, and keep skilled and hard-working talent.
Are there effective wellness options other than dedicated nap rooms and Wednesday yoga classes? Of course. But remember, many of the employees that leverage workplace wellness programs follow wellness trends.
With this said, some of the most effective ways you can commit to the health and wellness of your staff may cost very little to implement.
More and more employees are moving into remote work. So, organizations need to continue evolving how they think about workplace wellness to match this change.
Here is a list of workplace wellness programs that have been popular over time throughout the professional world.
Use these as a guide or inspiration if you’re considering starting a program for your organization. Products, services, and workforce needs continue to evolve. So, new programs, and improved variations on old ones, are constantly emerging.
1. Stress reduction tools
Though some stress is good, as a rule of thumb, it’s something people try to minimize. As wellness programs go, this one is likely the least expensive option and an easy place to start. Send out weekly messages about ways to reduce stress, improve sleep, handle conflict, and so on.
Creating a culture of care by sharing this kind of information can be an effective way to start interacting with your employees about their health and wellness.
But be realistic about the gap between the current work environment and the culture of care you envision.
Sending messages about wellness and stress reduction is not in itself effective, however.
Without implementing any tangible changes to the system, it might be worse than doing nothing.
Better option: Find ways to get your employees to engage with the messages. Set up a stress reduction chatroom on Slack, or provide space over lunch to talk about the week’s wellness topic. The message will have considerably more influence if your employees are talking and thinking about it.
Even better option: Provide space for employee-led sessions so that employees can try out new practices. Here, they can experiment with practices like deep breathing, meditation, and journaling.
2. Weight loss programs
Since we eat as many as ⅓ of our meals while on the job, sponsoring a weight loss program could be a great fit for your work community.
Your company’s insurance program might have a weight loss program that you could offer. Or, you can team up with a local wellness center to offer a tailored program.
Make sure that, in promoting your weight loss options, you don’t weight shame those who work for you and are overweight or obese. For example, adding a competitive component to the program might have exactly the opposite effect you intended.
Broaden the scope to incorporate:
- Healthy eating
- Fueling for energy, performance, and concentration
- Cooking and food prep hacks
Even better option:
Make weight loss just one component of a messaging and action campaign. Upgrade the in-office snack and catering options to support healthy food choices.
Create a guide to the technology and employee communities that can augment and support a weight-loss effort. This is especially powerful if they are offered at a discount to employees.
It’s also important to keep in mind weight loss programs can be triggering for those who are currently, or have previously, experienced an eating disorder or symptoms of disordered eating. Providing resources for this population is also part of employee wellness. If you or someone you know is struggling, they can chat, call, or text The National Eating Disorders Association for help and support.
3. Smoking cessation programs
Fewer and fewer workplaces allow smoking on the premises. So, supporting your employees who are ready to quit could be an effective way to support their wellness.
Again, check with your insurance provider to see if they offer smoking cessation counseling or programming.
Another option, which you could access at little to no cost, could be available through your state’s health department. They may offer a free quitline and even nicotine replacement products.
4. Health risk assessments/screenings
Annual physicals are included in many health insurance policies. However, only about 1 in 5 people in the U.S. are seen for a wellness visit each year.
Among the important information that can be gleaned from such visits are:
- Blood sugar levels
- Blood pressure numbers
- Cholesterol levels
All of these can be indicators of health issues that should be addressed immediately.
Offer onsite assessments and opportunities to conduct basic screenings at the office and during work time. This could encourage those who do not regularly get a physical to be more aware of these basic health markers.
These assessments will be most effective when offered in conjunction with other offerings.
For example, if the assessment shows that your employee needs to stop smoking, you have offerings ready to support them.
5. Vaccination clinics
The benefit of offering onsite vaccinations seems clear. If you want fewer employees to miss work from the flu, make it easy for them to get vaccinated.
Again, providing these onsite and during working hours can be critical for ensuring high levels of participation. Check with your local health department to see if they can offer a clinic at your worksite.
Want to protect your employees and reap the benefit of fewer unplanned absences?
Make it easy for their families to be vaccinated as well. A few evening or weekend sessions to extend the service to spouses and children can be a service to the whole community.
With the recent COVID-19 pandemic, it’s possible that those who receive the vaccine might need booster shots in the coming months and years. Research to see if this is something that can be easily offered at your office. If not, provide information to your employees on where they can receive boosters for the vaccine.
6. Exercise programs and activities
Offering time and space to exercise while at work might be the gold standard in wellness programs.
Making it simple for your staff to come early, stay after, or catch a quick workout during the day shows your commitment to their health in a big way. But an onsite gym simply isn’t feasible for many companies and is of little to no benefit to your employees working remotely.
Discounted memberships to a wellness center or fitness classes might be a better option for many companies.
In addition, you can offer reimbursement or negotiated prices on:
- Popular fitness apps
- Wearable fitness devices
- Home workout equipment
This can encourage employees to get moving.
Low-cost option: Encourage employee-led programs like:
- Walking or biking clubs
- Competitions to tally the most miles in a month
- Training groups that participate in one or two events every year
Introduce the concept of “walking meetings” when possible. Help set the tone by starting meetings with a quick stretch or giving 10 minutes back at the end of an hour so that people can take a “movement break."
Like weight-loss activities, be careful not to stress or shame those who don’t want to, don’t feel like it, or are unable to participate.
7. Mental fitness services
You can use a call-in service, an app, or the mental fitness solution BetterUp CareTM.
Confidentiality is critical when it comes to mental health services. Make sure employees know that, as their employer, you don’t have access to information about their therapy, even if the company provides it.
Expand the conversation around mental health and well-being. Incorporate proactive support for the majority of your employees who aren't in crisis but also aren't at their best.
Even better option:
Coaches can provide flexible and personalized support to improve:
- Physical and mental health
- Overall wellness for your employees
Some organizations provide trainers, nutritionists, or sleep experts to provide targeted coaching. Many employees benefit from a more holistic approach that sees them as a whole person.
A coach can help the employee develop healthier, more productive behaviors and tools to use in the future.
They'll address issues such as:
- Sleep hygiene
- Ways to build healthy habits
A great coaching relationship can be an excellent means to helping your employees show up as healthy and grounded at work.
Coaching relationships often focus on goals and work-specific issues. These include things like getting promoted, managing up, and negotiating relationships. So these health benefits are really the side effects of the progress they’re making on job skills. Bonus!
9. Onsite yoga
Yoga as a company-sponsored health activity is singled out for a number of reasons.
First, pragmatically, the only thing the company must provide is an instructor and a quiet, empty space.
Second, a good yoga instructor can create classes that are accessible to all people at multiple wellness levels. For example, they might include chair yoga for those who aren’t comfortable lying on the floor.
Third, a gentle yoga class can be done in comfortable work attire, so changing rooms aren’t required.
And fourth, the benefits of yoga classes are both physical and mental. Offering onsite yoga is a win-win on so many levels.
You can make participating in yoga classes even more fun by purchasing mats, water bottles, and other yoga props for your participants. Seeing other people with their stylish water bottles could have a snowball effect on attendance.
10. “Downtime” spaces
Providing space where your employees can have a few quiet minutes is becoming increasingly popular. This is particularly important for those who work in large, open (read: loud) offices.
Whether you want to make these spaces “nap friendly” is up to you.
But providing a quiet room where someone can read, write, or plan could be valuable for your company and your employees in a multitude of ways.
11. Spaces for new parents
Make sure you also have spaces where new parents can feed and change a baby that might have come to work with them, or pump milk for a baby that is at home.
Make sure that they can schedule time in the room on a consistent basis and that there is a lock on the door for privacy.
12. Easy options for healthy food
When it comes to healthy food, there are several steps you can take to ensure that it’s easy for your employees to make good choices.
The first, and perhaps most important, is that you provide adequately equipped food prep space. Are there conveniently placed kitchens in your office with equipment that is clean and in good working order?
Do you provide basic utensils, salt and pepper, and regular trash pickup?
If you’d like to make it even easier for your employees to make healthy choices, consider having snacks readily available like:
- Fresh fruit
Rather than a soda machine, how about offering access to chilled, purified water via a water bottle filling station?
And on days when you cater meals, make sure that there are healthy options that meet a variety of dietary needs and restrictions (vegetarian, halal, kosher and so on).
All of this makes it easier for each employee to engage in healthy behavior and encourages employees to take their health seriously.
Your company simply might not be able to afford to provide no-cost food for its employees.
In such instances, you could install a refrigerated vending machine. This will mean that employees can purchase healthier options like yogurt and fresh fruit.
Other organizations have found that ordering in fresh fruit boxes or encouraging teams to stock their own healthy snacks can be a good solution. If it’s as easy to get an apple as a candy bar, many people will make a healthier choice!
7 tips to achieve workplace wellness
If you want to achieve workplace wellness for your company, here are seven ways to ensure that it goes off without a hitch.
1. You. Must. Participate.
One of the most important steps you can take to ensure that your workplace wellness program is successful is to participate in it yourself.
Take a yoga class, get your flu shot, schedule a walking meeting. If employees notice (and they will!) that upper management isn’t joining in, they are likely to assume that either the offerings are just fluff. Or they’ll assume that you tacitly don’t want people to “waste their time” with wellness offerings.
2. Avoid a sense of “quid pro quo”
Your wellness programs should not have any appearance of “strings attached.” In other words, you aren’t offering stress reduction seminars so that your employees can’t complain about a stressful work environment.
And getting a flu shot on the company’s time doesn’t mean that you can’t take any sick days that winter. Even if you are providing the food, employees should still take lunch breaks rather than working through lunch.
Your programming is a way of supporting the employee's health and well-being as a whole person and needs to be perceived as such.
3. Offer programs regularly, not just on “special occasions”
Of course, you can and should offer special classes, events, meals, and so on. But a commitment to wellness needs to be an everyday activity, so your offerings can become a part of the fabric of your workplace.
4. Avoid a sense of judgment about participation
Offerings that target unhealthy behaviors need to be handled with particular sensitivity. This could include behaviors like smoking, overeating, and a sedentary lifestyle.
You as a company are offering a beneficial service to your employees, but participation should be entirely voluntary, and no one should feel pressured or guilty regarding their decision to participate (or not).
5. Offer activities as part of the workday
While it can be fun to gather with co-workers and go to a ball game or take a cooking class, not everyone is available for activities that fall outside the typical workday.
To ensure that your employees can easily participate, schedule as many of your wellness activities as possible during the workday.
6. Provide opportunities at ALL levels of the company
Let’s be plain: everyone should be welcome to participate in whatever programming you offer. This includes your executives to your support staff.
Stress management, healthy eating, and physical activity are important to everyone, regardless of employment status or job title.
7. Gather input throughout the program
Buy-in is much more likely if your staff feel like they were included in the planning. You can take certain steps to help them feel included, such as:
- Conducting an interest survey
- Establishing a wellness committee
- Gathering regular feedback
These will go a long way to ensuring program success.
The key here is not just gathering the information but using it to inform your offerings and to make adjustments as needed. If no one likes your snack offerings, cut them out. If people would like additional times for yoga or weight loss coaching, invest your resources here.
Workplace wellness programs really can work
Regardless of the size, complexity, and industry, your company can be offering some sort of wellness support for its employees. And you should.
Showing your care and investment in the whole person, not just the worker, can only have positive benefits in the long run, such as:
- Reduced absenteeism
- Lower healthcare cost per employee from reduced medical spending
- Positive health outcomes such as a reduced risk of stroke
- Greater productivity and employee satisfaction
Implementing a comprehensive workplace wellness program goes a long way to ensuring healthy employees and a healthy workplace.
If you’re interested in learning about other ways your company can encourage employees to develop a healthy lifestyle, then you should check out BetterUp Care. It is a comprehensive mental health solution that we believe should be a part of every wellness initiative.
BetterUp Fellow Coach, ACC PhD