Jump to section
Mindful eating is a method of changing the way we eat to slow down and experience food in the present moment. It might sound simple, but our minds are often too busy problem-solving to enjoy a good meal. Or we could be suffering from sensory overload.
According to experts at Queen’s University, we have over four thoughts per minute. This mental chatter blocks sensory input (like how good that chocolate ice cream tastes!). It can also stop us from enjoying the present moment and negatively impact our mental health.
But mindfulness, like many new activities, takes practice. And eating mindfully means changing your eating habits, which are often built around daily routines.
Here is an introduction to mindful eating in an approachable and realistic way. Use this guide to help slow down, chew, and enjoy the benefits of mindful eating.
What is mindful eating?
Mindful eating is being present with the sensory experience of eating — without judgment or interpretation.
Though fundamentally different, there is some overlap between mindfulness meditation, mindful breathing, and mindful eating. A mindful eating practice tends to follow the following guidelines, and if you already have a mindfulness practice, you might recognize some of them:
- You eat and only eat (no multitasking)
- Engage your senses
- Stay focused on the sensory experience of eating
- Observe your mind, and when it wanders, bring it back to the present moment
- Practice patience and self-compassion
- Tune into your bodily sensations
- Make food choices that align with your values around health and self-care practices
- Consider the source of the food
- Observe how food makes you feel
- Develop a joyful relationship with food
7 benefits of mindful eating
1. Less overeating
Listening to your body’s hunger and satiety cues means you are less likely to overeat. A common Japanese proverb “hara hachi bun me” (eat until you are 80% full) is now backed by science — eat less and live longer. Listening to your body is also one way to age more gracefully.
2. Increased happiness
When we get caught up in the narrative of our minds, we aren’t enjoying life in the moment. Bronnie Ware’s book The Top 5 Regrets of the Dying lists regret #5 as “I wish I had let myself be happier.” By being present with what’s in front of us, without judgment or interpretation, we gravitate towards a more positive state.
3. Stress reduction
Our judgments and interpretations create stress. When we are out of alignment with our internal self-image, we feel stress. However, when eating mindfully, we observe thoughts and judgments like clouds passing across the sky. This has a calming effect on our minds and nervous system.
4. Improved digestion
Thinking about, seeing, or smelling food prepares the body for digestion. This is called the cephalic phase digestive response (CPDR). The CPDR is responsible for a significant portion of your overall digestion. Mindful eating aligns the mind with the body’s CPDR system. This helps prepare the body to break down food and digest nutrients more effectively.
5. Food tastes better
And it’s actually been proven! In 2013 researchers did four experiments. Participants tasted food while memorizing numbers of varying lengths. They found that the more distracted we are, the less intense food tastes.
6. Potential weight loss
Aroma and taste play an essential role in making us feel full. Taste buds and olfactory receptors tell the brain what flavors are present and how much of each flavor is present. This helps the brain determine when we’ve eaten enough. Interestingly, in the same 2013 experiment (described above), researchers found multitasking makes us more prone to overeating.
7. Form a better relationship with food
Food can be a complicated topic. We all have some relationship to food and the way it fits into our lives. This may include healthy habits and behaviors like enjoying leafy greens or cooking for friends and loved ones. But it can also involve unhealthy or dangerous behaviors like binge eating and obsessive calorie counting. Eating mindfully can help you assess your relationship with food and ease anxieties around mealtimes.
7 ways to practice mindful eating
- Eat like a one-year-old (just a bit more tidily!)
Have you ever watched a one-year-old eat? They squish, squeeze and sniff everything. When the food finally makes it into their mouth, they pause and chew. Each mouthful absorbs their full attention. Remove distractions next time you eat. You can think of it as a meditation practice. Try being fully present with the sensory experience of eating.
- Study yourself like a scientist
Observe your mind while you eat. When it wanders, gently guide it back to the present moment. Tune into your body’s physical hunger/satiation cues. Observe how the food makes you feel (physically, emotionally, and mentally).
- Practice patience
Your mind will wander! This is normal and part of the practice. Every time you shepherd it back — your mental muscles grow stronger. Think of it as lifting weights at the gym. The more reps you do, the stronger you become. Just as we don’t go to the gym once and expect to be Superman, eating food mindfully takes patience and persistence.
- Eat like a French woman
Mireille Guiliano wrote a book called French Women Don’t Get Fat. Interestingly, French women cultivate mindful eating habits. They put their cutlery down between bites, focus on quality over quantity, and eat at the table with a plate and proper accouterments.
- Create an eating sanctuary
Does your eating place support mindful meals? Is it overly busy with lots of distractions? Take a quick look in your pantry. Does the food align with your values around health and self-care? Think of grocery shopping as the first breath of your mindful eating practice.
- Form mindful eating rituals
Rituals help our minds move from mindlessness to mindfulness. What rituals could you create to foster mindful eating? Try experimenting with:
eating with others
eating in the same place at the same time
combining mindful eating with gratitude or another mindfulness practice
Fitting mindful eating into your life
Switch from mindless eating to mindful eating by starting with one baby step:
- Start with one bite or sip. Make the first bite of each meal a mindful mouthful.
- Don’t multitask. Our brains seek constant stimulus. Maybe you are eating even as you read this article! Focusing on one thing (eating) may feel strange at first or even anxiety-inducing. Stick with it! After a few weeks, it will feel like the new norm.
- Tune into your physical cues throughout the day. Pick a reminder, like going to the bathroom or drinking water. Ask your body what it needs at that moment.
- Take one breath before you eat -- whether it’s a beautiful sniff of your mindful meal or a single breath before diving into that sugary snack. Taking a deep breath to pause and connect with your body is a great first step towards a mindful eating practice.
- Use special occasions to focus on quality over quantity. Savor food in the company of others by discussing the food as you eat. Consider the source of your food and its journey from farm to plate. Give thanks to those who prepared it.
- Close your eyes when you have the first taste. More than 50% of the brain’s cortex is devoted to vision. Closing your eyes removes distraction and engages your other senses. Make this a mindful ritual – signaling to your mind and body that mindful eating is about to begin.
- Chew your food thoroughly. My mother was onto something when she told me to chew each mouthful 30 times! Focusing on chewing brings your attention to the present moment. Start with an initial goal of one well-chewed mouthful per meal.
How to use mindfulness to explore your relationship with food
Humans have trillions of bacteria residing in the gut. These bacteria make up the ‘microbiome.’ Emerging research shows a direct connection between the microbiome and mental wellbeing. Microbiome imbalance can lead to a frayed relationship with food. Add to that, cultural biases around body size and shape - it’s understandable that many of us have engaged in self-blame and self-shame around food. What if that relationship were different? Enter mindful eating!
Rebuild your relationship with food by picking up one of the following practices:
- Keep a food journal for one week. Record what you eat, thoughts, emotions, physical sensations, and energy levels. What links do you see between foods and moods?
- Look into intuitive eating, a practice built around eating when you're hungry and stopping when you're full. Notice how your eating behaviors and food cravings are affected by your daily life. Do you have ingrained thoughts about what healthy eating is "supposed" to be that are out of alignment with what makes you feel good?
- Develop a self-compassion mantra. We say things to ourselves that we wouldn’t say to our worst enemies! Create a kind phrase that you could repeat to yourself when you notice negative inner dialogue is present. Can’t think what to say? Imagine you are comforting a close friend.
- Ask a question to shift your mindset. Emotional eating is often our way of trying to fill another need. When you find yourself eating mindlessly, try asking yourself a question. Some examples are “What do I really need right now?” or “What would my future self want me to do right now?” (Coach’s tip: Questions that start with ‘what’ or ‘how’ tend to be more powerful).
- Imagine food was another human. How would you describe your relationship? Are you best friends? Bitter enemies? Indifferent acquaintances? What are three things you could do to improve that relationship? Put one of those into practice today.
- Talk to a nutritionist. Many of us piece together our ideas of what healthy food choices look like from popular diet trends. However, there is really no perfect diet — it's about making choices that benefit your overall health (and sometimes cookies are part of that). Rather than dieting or putting needless pressure on yourself, talk to a dietitian to see what balance of foods is right for you.
Try these tips and methods to start eating more mindfully. But remember that it takes practice and some introspection. If you're looking for more guidance on ways to connect your nutrition to your mental health, try speaking with a BetterUp specialized coach. Asking for help is the first step in making a positive change.
BetterUp Fellow Coach